Awayan is a Filipino word meaning “the Art of Fighting.” It is Mataw-Guro Sanano’s family tradition of self-defense. Awayan incorporates all styles of martial arts in order to create a self-defense method that can be applied in any conflict situation. The purpose of studying Awayan is to discover inner peace. Ideally, Awayan means “Learning to fight yourself.”
The heart of Awayan is Respect. Learning Awayan begins with the student’s first class. Awayan means adhering closely to the rules of the dojo, bowing, standing at attention, listening to the instruction uncritically, and doing one’s best.
As a student of Awayan matures, he or she begins to practice the principles of Awayan outside of the dojo. The student gradually learns not to be overwhelmed with fear or anger. The student learns to listen to others and not simply to his or her own thoughts, beliefs and attitudes.
Confrontation results when two egos are at odds. From early childhood, we are trained to resist an opponent in a confrontation. Anger and fear are the two emotions most closely associated with resistance. When we give in to our anger or fear, whether or not we succeed in overcoming our opponent, we have already lost what is most important.
Awayan teaches us to keep our center, our spiritual equilibrium, when we are involved in a conflict. Through awareness, and clarity of mind, we are able to deflect or redirect attacks. Awareness is always our best defense. The best block is always to simply not be in the way of a kick or a punch. The best rebuttal to argumentative words is silence.
Awayan employs the soft, yielding, feminine principle of Yin, and the harder, more forceful, masculine principle of Yang. When confronted with hardness, we block with softness. When con- fronted with passive-aggressive or manipulative behavior, we ask the other to focus, and clarify his or her thoughts and feelings, in order for us to better understand the other person.
When attacking or when under attack, students of Awayan use misdirection and feints in order to keep their opponents off-balance. Students of Awayan control the tempo of a match by speeding up and slowing down. We use combinations when attacking, so our opponent never knows where we will be striking next. When reasoning with the opponent fails - when treating them respectfully fails- we punch and kick with resolve and without second-guessing our actions. We bring the conflict to a conclusion as quickly and effectively as possible. Awayan, like other martial arts, stresses a harmonious blending of Eastern and Western attitudes towards life. As Mataw-Guro Sanano puts it, “For the serious student of Awayan, self-discipline and maintaining the proper attitude, are always more important than precise punches and high, flashy kicks.” Through the study and practice of the philosophy at the heart of Awayan, a tremendous level of inner peace and inner freedom can be achieved.
Trecehampas Arnis is a one-or two-stick fighting style. The name, which means “thirteen strikes”, refers to the thirteen basic strikes and defenses, along with disarming and locking techniques.
There are as many systems or style of Filipino martial arts as there are islands in the Philippines and practitioners living on them. Although the various arts certainly have a number of similarities in their respective training methods and physical application, they can be generally classified into eight categories: provincial styles (e.g., Bicolano Arnis; Pangasinan escrima); personal styles (e.g., Binas dynamic arnis; kali Ilustrisimo); styles defined by technical characteristic (e.g, abaniko style; sinawali style), or fighting range (e.g, serrada escrima; larga mano arnis); styles consisting of composite systems (e.g, Vee arnis jitsu; lameco escrema); eclectic styles (e,g., talahib fighting arts); empty hand systems (e.g., sagasa kick boxing; hagibis combat system), and those styles named after their enemies (e.g., Etalanio style).
When the Spanish invaded the Philippines, the invaders required guns to subdue their fierce opponents. The deadly fighting skills of Filipino warriors nearly overwhelmed them, and they dubbed the native style escrima (skirmish). Escrima was subsequently outlawed, but the techniques did not disappear. They were preserved in secret, sometimes under the very noses of the conquerors, in the form of dances or mock battles staged in religious plays known as moro-moro. These plays featured Filipinos, sometimes costumed as Spanish soldiers wearing Arnes, the harnesses worn during medieval times for armor. The blade fighting forms and footwork were identical to those used in escrima? The word Arnes soon became corrupted to arnis, and the name stuck.
Historically, arnis incorporated three related methods: espada y daga (sword and dagger), which employs a long blade and a short dagger; solo baston (single stick); and sinawali (to weave), which uses two sticks of equal length, twirled in "weaving" fashion for blocking and striking (the term derives from sinawali, the bamboo matting woven in the Philippines).
Dakilang Guro Andy Sanano was fortunate to inherit the family tradition of Trecehampas Arnis, what he considered to be the lost arnis art of his family system. Dakilang Guro Andy Sanano continually teaches Trecehampas Arnis and combines it with his own knowledge of the martial arts, such as karate, combat judo, kung fu and sikaran. Arnis, as Sanano terms the system, incorporates empty hand moves based upon the same motions used in solo baston and sinawali. Sanano system uses low kicks and take-downs for a better-rounded approach.
Dakilang Guro Andy Sanano also insisted on upgrading a particular training aspect traditional in arnis: that of hitting your opponent's hand or arm instead of his stick; a painful practice that was tolerated because the rattan stick used in arnis were considered sacred. Sanano decided that hitting the stick was just as good a practice method and would obviously discourage far fewer students of arnis, preventing many painful injuries. Sanano does not merely combine techniques; he encourages the individual student to adapt arnis principals to his own sense of feel for each technique. The method should suit the person and not the other way around. This is known simply as using "the feel."
The feel is for defining the comfortable place where the movements of arnis and the individual human body meets for maximum effectiveness; body and weapon blending to achieve the most natural fighting style based on the individual's needs and attitude. "Arnis makes martial artists develop and discover new things about their own style."
A SPECIAL NOTE TO PARENTS
All techniques taught are done with absolute safety in mind. Weapons education and training is done with special care and instruction how not to hurt the student and the partner in the training session. The training is open to adults and children over the age of nine and parental permission is required for anyone under the age of eighteen. Parents of children are most welcome to watch the training sessions.
The Way of the Empty Hand.
Gichin Funakoshi brought the style of Shotokan from Okinawa to Japan. His mantra was, "There is no first strike in karate." The strikes and kicks can do such physical damage that Funokoshi stressed the protection of others and his art was to be used only for defense to his generations of followers and students. This is still the prevailing belief and is stressed in all schools teaching Shotokan. Funakoshi was born in 1868.
On March 6th, 1921 the Department of Education seeking to impress Emperor Hirohito, the Crown Prince of Japan, with the rich culture of Okinawa asked Gichin Funakoshi to demonstrate karate. In the great Hall of Shuri, Funakoshi displayed such skill the Emperor spoke of the demonstration for the balance of his voyage and his excitement prompted the Department of Education to request and be granted the opportunity to again have Funakoshi's prowess be presented at first National Athletic Exhibition held in Tokyo. Later, but on same day he was approached the Sho family, who were the living descendants of Shotai, the last King of Okinawa. Funakoshi agreed and another request from Jigoro Kano, the founder of Judo, to demonstrate karate in the Judo headquarters at the Kodokan. Kano was impressed to the point of asking Funakoshi to stay in Japan and teach him the basics of karate which he later incorporated the blocks, kicks, punches, and strikes into his Advanced Judo Kata (forms).
Although the Japanese are often reluctant to embrace anything of Okinawan origin they are inclined to follow the lead of the upper classes of Japanese society, which had already become very popular within the first nine months of seeing its value. Funakoshi formed the first formal karate Club in 1922 at a dormitory and school for Okinawan students in Japan as a way to support himself. He tending the gardens and lawns, cleaned the dormitory by day and taught karate in the evenings. In his spare time he wrote RyuRyu Kempo: Karate, the first book dedicated to karate written. It was published in 1922 and is still a classic source for karate students. At fifty-six years of age, Funakoshi qualified for the Tokyo Invitational Prize Contest for Athletes. He continued to teach throughout the 1920-30's and his success increased and his fame grew. He was invited to demonstrate karate to the Imperial Household.
In 1935 a group of karate practitioners formed a committee and solicited funding to build a building. In the spring of 1936, Gichin Funakoshi aproached, bowed at the door, and entered the first karate school. As a tribute to his life and his teaching, a plaque was placed over the door, the lettering read: "The Hall of Shoto" (SHOTO-KAN).
In 1944, students from all over Japan organized themselves officially and formed the Nihon Katate Kyokai as it is called in English, the Japanese Karate Association (JKA). They named Gishin Funakoshi the Chief Instructor Emeritus.
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Gichin Funakoshi's 20 Shotokan Karate Philosophy Precepts:
1) Karate training is more than just the dojo
2) Training begins and ends with a bow of respect
3) Never attack first unnecessarily
4) The practitioner follows a just route
5) Know about yourself before you can know others
6) Spiritual development is the first focus, and then later technical ability
7) Empty or release your mind
8) The lazy will not have good fortune
9) Lifelong journey and training
10) Use karate principles in everything
11) Karate like hot water, needs heat otherwise it cools
12) Do not think that you must win, but alternatively that you don't have to lose
13) Victory can come from knowing how to differentiate vulnerable points from invulnerable ones.
14) Move according to your opponent
15) Respect your opponents hands and legs as being like sharp swords
16) Be alert to opponents in all areas
17) Ready positioning for beginners and natural position for advanced
18) Kata and real fighting are different entities
19) Strength and weakness of power, expansion and contraction of body, speed and slowness of technique
20) Devise at all times
Variations to these philosophies:
- Karate-do wa rei ni hajimari, rei ni owaru koto wo wasuruna. (Karate begins and ends with courtesy)
- Karate ni sente nashi. (There is no first attack in karate.)
- Karate wa gi no tasuke. (Karate is an assistance to justice.)
- Mazu jiko wo shire, shikoshite tao wo shire. (Know yourself before you know others.)
- Gijutsu yori shinjutsu. (Spirit before technique.)
- Kokoro wa hanatan koto wo yosu. (Be ready to free your mind.)
- Wazawai wa getai ni shozu. (Accidents come from inattention.)
- Dojo nomino karate to omou na. (Karate training is not only in the dojo.)
- Karate no shugyo wa issho de aru. (You will never stop learning karate.)
- Arai-yuru mono wo karate-ka seyo, soko ni myo-mi ari. (Make karate part of your life and you will find more.)
- Karate wa yu no goto shi taezu natsudo wo ataezareba moto no mizu ni kaeru.
(Karate is like hot water. If not given continual heat, it will go cold.)
- Katsu kangae wa motsu na makenu kangae wa hitsuyo. (Do not think you must win. Instead, think that you do not have to lose.)
- Tekki ni yotte tenka seyo.
- Tattakai wa kyo-jitsu no soju ikan ni ari.
- Hito no te ashi wo ken to omoe. (Think that your hands and feet are swords.)
- Danshi mon wo izureba hyakuman no tekki ari. (Be aware of your actions so as not to invite trouble.)
- Kamae wa shoshinsha ni ato wa shizentai. (First master low stances, then natural posture.)
- Kata wa tadashiku jissen wa betsu mono. (Practicing kata is no substitue for the real thing.)
- Chikara no kyojaku, karada no shinshuku, waza no kankyu wo wasaruna.
- Tsune ni shinen kufu seyo. (Think of ways to apply these precepts every day.)
General and Important Shotokan Karate philosophies
1) Avoidance of dangerous situations is the best form of defense
2) Leave a volatile situation whenever possible
3) Use reasoning to alter a situation where possible
4) Execute techniques with control unless in a real life and death situation
5) Use force against other force
Tae Kwon Do
Tae = To kick or smash with the foot.
Kwon = Denotes the fist.
Do = The way, or the art of...
So in the case of the style called Tae Kwon Do (often also the printing is used as a single word, Taekwondo), the name means the Way of the kicking and striking foot and hand. It is a devastating marital style of combat and defense originating in Korea centuries ago. Frescoes in the royal tombs of the Koguryo Dynasty dating back to 3-427 A.D. They show men practicing Taek Kyon.
The martial arts were banned in Korea in 1910 with the Japan's conquest
and temporary rule over the country. Only the few Koreans attending
Japanese military academies were allowed to train in karate. As is
always the cased when oppression occurs, the Korean martial spirit
prevailed and they trained anyway, but in secret as it was punishable by
death to be discovered.
Tae Kwon Do has ancient origins but was placed into a system in 1954 - 1955 by General Choi Hong Hi, born with a weak and frail body he studied calligraphy. His teacher Han Il Dong began his instruction in the martial art called Taek Kwon, a style is known for high and powerful kicks. Choi was born in 1918 and studied in karate in Japan. After the Second World War Choi returned to Korea and enlisted in the Korean Army. He trained those under his command in the kicks of Taek Kwon and the hard hand striking techniques of Karate he had learned in Japan. In 1955 a special board was formed and the name of Taekwondo was submitted and accepted as the official title of the Korean Martial Art. The Korean Taekwondo Association was formed and Choi was listed as as a vice-president. The following year he was elected president and he began the expansion of the style as both a fighting art and as a sport.
As a very brief listing we follow the the progression and popularity of Taekwondo:
The International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) is formed in 1966.
The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is formed in 1973.
The World Taekwondo Federation is granted Olympic Committee recognition in Moscow at the 83rd General Session in 1980.
The World Taekwondo Federation demonstrates the sport value in 1988 in Seoul, Korea.
Through the World Taekwondo Federation martial artists demonstrated Taekwondo again as a sport at the Olympics in Barcelona, Spain in 1992.
Taekwondo becomes an official Olympic sport at the Olympics in Sydney, Australia in 2000 by the IOC.
Korea has always had a proud martial history and martial skill was often seen as a needed requirement or skill for leaders.
After World War II, when Korea gained independent, several kwans arose:
Chung Do Kwan
Moo Duk Kwan
Yun Moo Kwan
Chang Moo Kwan
Oh Do Kwan
Ji Do Kwan
Chi Do Kwan
Song Moo Kwan
All are part of the proud tradition of the Korean people and part of the Tae Kwon Do heritage.
The following information can be resourced on a web site dedicated to the advancement and betterment of understanding the Martial Arts. Is is a wonderful and free resource for martial artists from around the world representing all styles and all nations. They encourage you to contribute to forums and learn from a massive and free database of information on martial systems and philosophy. http://www.intermartialarts.com/
The philosophy of WTF Taekwondo closely follows the movements of human beings and their activities. The ancient Korean martial principles promoted the fusion of mind, body and life. The life of a human being consists of numerous movements and changes. With these principles in mind, it is possible to promote Taekwondo as a philosophy in itself. In order to understand and learn this philosophy, we must involve ourselves in practicing Taekwondo and the end result will be an improved quality of life. The philosophy of Sam Jae, which is the three elements and Eum/Yang (negative force/positive force) are the main principles. The three elements (Sam Jae) consist of In (man), Ji (earth) and Chon (earth). This principle is said to represent the changes and transformations that occur within the world that we live in.
Taekwondo philosophyThe ‘Book of Changes’ speaks of the ‘Eight Trigrams for Divination’ (pictured right). This is made up of Sam Jae and the interactions between Eum and Yang. Korea and other oriental countries closely follow this philosophy. This spiritual aspect of the philosophy of Taekwondo will allow an individual to truly explore the art and gain a deep understanding of other meanings in life. The idea that every entity has an opposite i.e. Eum and Yang is manifested in many of the patterns within WTF Taekwondo.
Taegeuk which means ‘the great absolute’ proposes that Eum and Yang are ultimately the same thing. By using these principles, the individual develops an ability to find solutions to problems and adapt to challenging situations, thereby developing a deeper understanding of life.
The indigenous Han tribe documented thought processes that have lasted through the decades and these ideas form key morals of Taekwondo. They originate from Tangun Chosun’s foundation of Korea. The story follows that Hwan Wung was a son of heaven and he established Baedal (the earliest name of Korea). His purpose for the foundations of Korea followed the principles of Hongik Ingan and Jaese Ihwa. Hongik Ingan is an idea that promotes the care and well being of the human race. Taekwondo uses this to promote the development of a more just and peaceful world and reduce harmful behaviours. Jaese Ihwa suggests that the ways of the world are educated according to the principles of heaven. It promotes the theory that mankind can be educated with the lessons and behaviours of a heavenly world via correct development with the spirit of Taekwondo. This belief was conveyed through to the Hwarangdo and eventually incorporated into the Taekwondo philosophy of the modern day.
These principles closely match the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) Taekwondo philosophy (five tenets and creed/oath):
Courtesy (Ye Ui)
Integrity (Yeom Chi)
Perseverance (In Nae)
Self Control (Geuk Gi)
Indomitable spirit (Baekjeol Bulgul)
The oath is as follows:
1) To observe the tenets of Taekwondo
2) To respect the instructor and seniors
3) To never misuse Taekwondo
4) To be a champion of freedom and justice
5) To build a more peaceful world